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20 Famous Historical Places In India

  

20 Famous Historical Places In India-1

Time travel to the Past is now reality!

kudos to a few places in India where you can witness History unfolding in front of your very eyes.

Live the saga of power, grit, valor, resilience, passion, rivalry, battle, bloodshed, grandeur, magnificence, art, architecture, sculpture, sacrifice, divinity, invasions and romance.

Listen closely & experience the hustle and bustle of Mina Bazar, a market place that existed during the Mughal times, Sound of Shah Jahan’s horse galloping and entering the Agra fort still echoes on every red sand Stone and the grandeur of Taj Mahal would teleport you in the ancient era.

Sounds Thrilling?

Set a date with these places and experience the immortal and larger than Life epitome of the bygone era.

[1] Taj Mahal, Agra : The spectacle itched in immortality

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“Not a piece of architecture, as other buildings are, but the proud passions of an emperor’s love wrought in living stones.”

Crafted in Ivory white marble and ornamented with precious stones, the magnanimous opus, the Taj Mahal is a reflection of eternal love and a vision of Paradise.

The Taj Mahal is believed to come alive as a result of Shah Jahan’s vision in 1653. Taj Mahal is a confluence of Persian and Mughal architecture; it is a grand marble structure standing tall on a square plinth and possesses a perfect geometrical symmetry. The most picturesque feature is the white marble dome that surmounts the tomb and four symmetrical minarets frame the tomb. Taj is ornamented by decorative spires that extend from the edges to the base walls. The Taj is graced with calligraphy of Persian poems, reflective tiles, graceful and divine Mumtaz Mahal, heavenly garden and a reflecting pool. It is a breathtaking historical place of India.

Blended with mystic enigma, the Taj Mahal wears pinkish tinge in the morning, yellow hue in the noon, and milky white in the evening and golden at night when lit by the moon. An engineering masterpiece and a tale of Love that refused to die created a wonder, The Taj Mahal.

Quick Info:

Taj Mahal Opening Time: Sunrise to Sunset (Friday Closed)

Entry fee for Taj Mahal: Indians (INR 40), Foreigners (INR 1000)

Do Witness Night Viewing of Taj Mahal on a full moon night.

[2] Agra Fort, Uttar Pradesh: Grandeur Crafted in Red Sand Stone

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The fortress of the Mughal Empire build by Mughal great Akbar, the Agra Fort is historically, a reminiscence of valor, resilience and power.

Crafted in red sand stone, The Agra Fort is a semi-circular structure, four gates guarding the Fortress with 70 ft. high walls.

Visit the Diwan-i-Am or the hall of public Audience. The hall was crafted with numerous pillars and spectacular architecture of Mughal Era. Also, visit the Royal pavilions, Nagina Masjid, Mina Bazar, Jahangir Palace and Mina Masjid. Witness the breath-taking views of Yamuna River and Taj Mahal from the balconies of Agra Fort.

Quick Info:

Agra Fort Opening Time: Sunrise to Sunset

Entry fee for Agra Fort: Indians (INR 40), Foreigners (INR 550)

Do Witness the Light and sound Show at Agra Fort and get mesmerized as you witness Mughal Empire come alive.

[3] Red Fort, Delhi: The Iconic Red Fortress

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If heaven can be on the face of the earth, It is this, it is this, it is this.

The Red fort stands tall as a sign of Mughal Creativity under the leadership of Shah Jahan. The octagonal fortress is crafted by magnificent red sand stone and is a reflection of Timurid and Persian traditions. Red fort is yet another masterpiece of Mughal architecture craved with floral designs and embodied with semi-precious stones.

The Lahori Gate is the main entrance to the fort. It leads to a long covered bazaar street, the Chatta Chowk, whose walls are lined with shops. Every year on Independence Day, the Prime Minister of India raises the Indian Flag on the ramparts of the Lahori Gate. Visit the Diwan-i-Aam, the public pavilion and Diwan-i-Khas, the private chambers. Witness the Nahr-i-Bihisht, Khas Mahal, Moti Masjid and Hayat Bakhsh Bagh.

Quick Info:

Red Fort Opening Time: 9:30am- 4:30pm daily (Closed on Mondays)

Entry fee for Red Fort: Indians (INR 10), Foreigners (INR 250)

Do Witness the Light and sound Show at Red Fort.

[4] The Jaisalmer Fort: The Sonar Quila Or Golden Fort

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The Jaisalmer Fort is a magnificent reminiscence of the Rajput era. The Fort stands amidst the Thar Desert on Trikuta Hill and carved out of yellow sands stone.

This is a living Fort since still the localities live inside the Fort. The Fort is triangular in shape surrounded by three layers of fortification and 4 massive gateways. The sprawling towers of its fortification can be seen from far away. Build in 1156 AD the Fort resonates Rajput valour, culture and tradition. The fort is 1500ft long and 750 ft. wide and even today you will find cannon at one of the gateways.

Visit the Hindu Laxminath Temple and Jain temples inside the fort where you will find intricately carved figures. Also, visit the Fort Palace of royal family, the Rang Mahal and Merchant Havelis (large houses) inside the Fort.

[5] Hampi, Karnataka: Ruins Of A Lost Kingdom

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They say Time stand still at Hampi. History dwells amidst the ruins in Hampi. Amidst boulders, rocks and rugged terrain spread over vast areas Hampi is a true reflection of the bygone era.

Ruins of beautiful palaces, temples, ancient markets, bastions, royal pavilions, buildings and the iconic stone Chariot describes Hampi. It is located within the ruins of the city of Vijayanagara, the former capital of the Vijayanagara Empire. The monuments of Hampi curved out of Granite rocks.

Visit the famous Hampi bazar, the river side ruins, the Ranganatha Temple, the octagonal water pavilion, Archaeological museum, Nandi statue, Virupaksha Temple, Elephant stables and Durga Temple. The most iconic monument is the Vittala Temple dedicated to lord Vishnu which dates back 14th century.

Quick Info:

Humpi Opening Time: 10 am- 5pm (closed on Fridays)

Entry fee for Humpi: Indians (INR 10), Foreigners (INR 330)

Do Witness the Monuments. It is believed human settlement in Hampi dates way back to 1st century.

[6] Khajuraho Temples, Madhya Pradesh: A Panorama of Art and sculpture

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The Khajuraho temples are a group of Hindu and Jain temples in Madhya Pradesh popularly known for its art and sculptures and dates way back in the Chandela dynasty.

These temples resonates erotic art and is a celebration of womanhood. The erotic art of Khajuraho is believed to reflect love and passion. The images of Goddesses and Gods sculpted on the temple walls represent the many forms of the divine Shakti and Shiva, the female and male principles, the Yin and the Yang. These temples are mainly associated with their erotic art, especially the western Devi Jagdambi Temple, located next to the Kandariya Mahadeva temple.

Do witness the Apsara dance. Also, the light and sound show that depicts the saga of Chandela dynasty.

[7] Fatehpuri Sikri, Uttar Pradesh: The City Of Triumph

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The magnificent fortified city west of Agra resonates beautiful Mughal architecture. The city welcomes you through the Buland Darwaza, the 54 m high entrance. The spectacular Jama Masjid, the tomb of Salim Chisti, the Ibadat Khana and Panch Mahal comprises of Fatehpuri Sikri. Fatehpuri Sikri is a confluence of myriads of architectural designs, a vision of Akbar.

[8] Konarak Temple, Orissa: An Ode To The Sun God

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Here the language of stone surpasses the language of human.

An artistic magnificence and an engineering marvel, the black pagoda or the Konarak Temple is dedicated to the sun God. The temple is designed in the form of a gigantic chariot of the sun god mounted on 24 wheels, each about 10 ft diameter and drawn by 7 mighty horses. The temple is crafted with kalinga architecture.

The carved wheels and the spokes sculptured on the temple serves as sun dials. Symbolic figures of Lions, horses and elephants are found guiding the temple. The temple is an example of engineering marvel so precisely crafted with three statues of sun god where the sun ray falls at morning, noon and sunset and is believed to depict time accurately even today.

Quick Info:

Konarak Opening Time: 10 am- 5pm (closed on Fridays)

Entry fee for Konarak: Indians (INR 10), Foreigners (INR 250)

It was believed a heavy magnet was placed at the top of the temple with iron plates in between every stone of the temple. The idol was said to be floating in the air.

[9] Qutub Minar, Delhi: The Red Colossal Minaret

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One of the finest monuments of India constructed in 1193 by Qutab-ud-din Aibak. There are five distinct floor from which the lower three floors is built with red sandstone while the upper two are built with sand stone and marble. The towering minaret displays Indo-Muslim architecture with inscriptions from Quran.

Quick Info:

Qutub Minar Opening Time: 7 am- 5pm

Entry fee for Qutub Minar: Indians (INR 30), Foreigners (INR 500)

The Qutub Minar has a 7 m high iron pillar in the courtyard and it is believed that if you encircle it with your hands while standing with your back to it your wish will be fulfilled.

[10] Nalanda University, Bihar: Ruins of An Ancient University

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Nalanda, one of the greatest places of learning in the ancient times, is located in the eastern Indian state of Bihar. This ancient university dates way back in fifth century AD. In this first residential international university of the world, 2,000 teachers and 10,000 students from all over the Buddhist world lived and studied.

Spreading over about 14 hectares of land, the University was constructed in Kushana style of architecture. A Surya Mandir is found near the university ruins. The university depicts a coexistence of living and learning.The profound knowledge of the Nalanda teachers attracted scholars like Xuan Zang from places as distant as China, Korea, Japan, Tibet, Mongolia and Turkey.

Special Mention:

Do visit the Maha Bodhi Temple where the Buddha is said to have attained enlightenment while meditating under a fig tree.

[11] Ajanta & Ellora Caves, Aurangabad: An Artistic Creation Of Divinity

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The magnificent paintings of Ajanta Caves and the well carved sculptures of Elora are examples of one of the finest ancient art. The Ajanta caves are about 29 rocks cut Buddhist Ancient Cave monuments and Elora is one of the largest rock cut monastery temple caves featuring about 100 caves. The caves present artwork and sculptures which is a confluence of Buddhism, Jainism and Hinduism.

The paintings depicting tales of Jataka are inscribed on the walls of Ajanta Caves, The Viharas (hall of the prayer of the monks) and the famous statue of the reclining Buddha is located in cave 26 in Ajanta depicts the rich heritage of Ancient India. Witness the sculptures in Kailasanatha and other temples, Ellora and the Buddhist Cave Temples.

Quick Info:

Ajanta & Ellora Caves Opening Time: 8 am- 5:00 pm (Tue-Sun)

Entry fee for Ajanta & Ellora Caves: Indians (INR 10), Foreigners (INR 250)

[12] Mahabalipuram,Tamil Nadu: The Monolithic Marvel

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The Monolithic temples are carved out of a single stone and crafted in Dravidian architecture which makes these temples a unique Marvel. The monolithic temples resemble the processional chariots and are believed to be dedicated to the Pandavs of Mahabharata. Witness the Monolithic Temples commonly known as the five Rathas (chariot) namely Dharma Raja Ratha, Bhima Ratha,Arjuna Ratha,Draupati ratha and Sahadeva ratha.

Experience the “descent of Ganges” that has been carved to display how lord Shiva made Ganges descend from heaven to earth.

The Shore temple is the most unique temple since unlike all other temples this temple was supposedly built from top to bottom.

[13] Mysore Palace, Karnataka: The Royal Abode

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The Mysore palace is a three storey stone structure built with granite, grey in colour, having deep pink marble stones on top. It is crafted with Indo-Saracenic architecture facing the Chamundi Hills , eastwards by the Wodeyars dynasty.

The exquisitely columned Durbar Hall, the solid silver doors, the finely incised mahogany ceilings, and an array of superb paintings of goddess Shakhi ornament the palace.

Special Mention:

The renowned Mysore Dasara festival is celebrated in the palace every year during autumn. The palace remains illuminated during 10 days of the festival with around 100,000 light bulbs from 7 pm to 10 pm.

Quick Info:

Mysore Palace Opening Time: 10 am- 5:30 pm (Tue-Sun)

Entry fee for Mysore Palace: Indians (INR 40), Foreigners (INR 200)

Witness the Sound and light show which is conducted on all days excepting Sundays and public holidays from 7:00 pm to 7:40 pm.

[14] Rani ki Vav, Gujarat: The Queen’s Stepwell

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Rani ki vav is a memorial stepwell built in the complex Maru-Gurjara architectural style with an inverted temple and seven levels of stairs and holds more than 500 principal sculptures.

The steps begin at ground level, leading you down through the cool air through several pillared pavilions to reach the deep well below. There are more than 800 elaborate sculptures among seven galleries. The central theme is the Dasavataras, or ten incarnations of Vishnu, including Buddha.

[15] Hawa Mahal, Jaipur: The Palace Of The Winds

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Hawa Mahal is designed as a beehive castle with small windows so that the royal Rajput women could get a view of daily life. The Hawa Mahal is crafted with red and pink sandstone and resembles the crown of Krishna is a fine example of Rajputana architecture. Hawa Mahal is famous for its windows or 'Jharokhas' which enable free circulation of air within the structure.

This is a beautiful five-storey palace was constructed in 1799 by Maharaja Sawai Pratap Singh.

Quick Info:

Hawa Mahal Opening Time: 9:30 am- 4:30 pm

Entry fee for Hawa Mahal: Indians (INR 10), Foreigners (INR 50)

[16] Chola temples, Tamil Nadu: The Great Living Architectural Feat

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Set your date with one of the finest architectural feat of the three great Chola Temples which are are the Brihadisvara Temple at Thanjavur, the Temple of Gangaikonda Cholapuram and the Airavatesvara Temple at Darasuram.

The Chola temple dates way back in the 10th and 12th Century and today stands as a testimony of the great Chola dynasty that reigned here.

[17] Sanchi Stupa, Madhya Pradesh: The Holy Shrine Of Buddha

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The great stupa in sanchi is one of the oldest stone structures built over the relics of the Buddha. This is a huge hemispherical dome like structure with a height of 54ft. The stupa is crafted in Buddhist art and architecture commissioned by emperor Ashoka and dates way back in 3rd century.

Quick Info:

Sanchi Stupa Opening Time: sunrise to sunset

Entry fee for Sanchi Stupa: Indians (INR 30), Foreigners (INR 500)

[18] Chittorgarh Fort, Udaipur : Fortress of Courage & Triumph

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Keep your ears on the wall of this Fort and even today you will hear the triumphant vigor of swords drawn by Maha Rana Pratap and Maha Rana Udai Singh. This Fort is an embodiment of chivalry and pride of the Rajputs.

The magnificence of Rajputana architecture, the valour of Rajputana, Rajputana woman performing Jauhar (mass self-immolation) still resonates from this fort. The largest Fort of India extending up to 13 km in peripherical length, this fort stands majestic on an elevated hill.

The Fort is bestowed with seven massive gates that are comprised of strong iron spikes and served as a watch tower in earlier times. The wonder of Rajputana architecture is reflected in Rana Kumbha Palace and Padmini's Palace.

Witness the Vijay Stambh (the tower of victory) as it gets illuminated in the evening and looks spectacular.

[19] The Cellular Jail, Port Blair: A Journey from Confinement To Freedom

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The murky and dark history of colonial India lurks here in the Cellular Jail. This was commonly known as “Kala Pani” where Indian freedom fighters were exiled. The building had seven wings, at the centre of which a tower served as the intersection and was used by guards to keep watch on the inmates.

From hunger strikes to prison break to solitary confinement this Jail witnessed a saga of Indian Independence. The likes of Veer Savarkar, Batukeshwar Dutt, Yogendra Shukla and many other freedom fighters were exiled here.

There are many dark grim stories of Freedom fighters. Netaji Subhas Chandra Bose hosted the Indian flag here in the year 1943 and proclaimed Independence.

Quick Info:

The Cellular Jail Opening Time: 9.00 am to 12.30 pm, 1.30 pm to 4.45 pm

Entry fee for The Cellular Jail: Indians (INR 30)

Do witness the Light and sound Show highlighting how Independence was won, a journey from grim dark to glory.

[20] Victoria Memorial, Kolkata: The White Souvenir To The Queen

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The Victoria Memorial is a large marble building built during British regime dedicated to Queen Victoria in Calcutta. The memorial is designed with Indo-Saracenic revivalist architecture.

The top of the Victoria Memorial is marked with a sixteen-foot tall bronze statue of victory which is mounted on ball bearings. Also, the royal garden, weapons of British regime, artifacts, and paintings of British regime can be found here.

Quick Info:

Victoria Memorial Opening Time: 5:30 AM to 6:15 PM

Entry fee for Victoria Memorial: Indians (INR 20), Foreigners (INR 200)

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These Places have certainly left behind their footprints on the Sands of time.

What are you waiting for?

Explore the plethora of diverse rich Historical Treasure that India has to offer and get mesmerized.

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